UJohnson Electric uzibophelele ekunikezeleni ngezixhobo ezifanelekileyo zokuhambisa umbane kunye nezixhobo kubathengi kwimizi mveliso kunye namandla

I-insulators zizixhobo ezifakwe phakathi kweekhondaktha ezinamandla ahlukeneyo okanye phakathi kwabaqhubi kunye nezinto ezinokubakho emhlabeni, ezinokumelana noxinzelelo lwevolthi kunye noomatshini.

Ii-insulators zidlala iindima ezimbini ezisisiseko kwinkqubo yamandla: enye kukuxhasa abaqhubi kunye nokuthwala uxinzelelo loomatshini; Okwesibini kukuthintela ukuhamba ngoku okanye ukubuyela emhlabeni phakathi kwabaqhubi abanezinto ezahlukeneyo kunye nokumelana nefuthe levolthi. Idityaniswe nezinto zokufakelwa ukulungisa umqhubi kwinqaba kunye nokuzithemba ngokuthembekileyo umqhubi wenqaba. Ngethuba lokusebenza, i-insulator ayifanele ithwale kuphela umbane osebenzayo, kodwa kunye nokugqithisa kokusebenza kunye nokugqithisa kombane. Ukongeza, i-insulator kufuneka isebenze kakuhle ngombane ngenxa yesisindo sokufa somqhubi, amandla omoya, umkhenkce kunye nekhephu kunye nomthwalo womatshini wokutshintsha kweqondo lokusingqongileyo, ngexesha elifanayo, liya kuba namandla okwaneleyo.

Ukwahlulahlula insulators

1. Ngokwezixhobo zokwambathisa izixhobo zokwenza insulators, zinokwahlulwa zibe ziinsulators ze-porcelain, ii-insulators zeglasi ezinobushushu, i-insulators eyenziweyo kunye ne-insic insulators.

2. Inokwahlulwa ibe luhlobo lokophuka kunye nolungeyiyo uhlobo lokwahlukana ngokungqinelana nokuba umgama omfutshane wokugqojelwa kwi-insulator ungaphantsi kwesiqingatha somgama we-flashover kumoya wangaphandle.

3. Ngokwefomathi yolwakhiwo, inokwahlulwa ibe yikholamu (insika) yokwambathisa, yokwambathisa, ibhabhathane yokwambathisa, ipini yokwambathisa, isikhuseli sengalo enqamlezileyo, i-rod insulator kunye ne-sleeve insulator.

4. Ngokwesicelo, inokwahlulahlulwa ibe sisinxibelelanisi somgca, isikhululo samandla sokwambathisa kunye nombambisi wombane. Isikhululo samandla se-insulator: esetyenziselwa ukuxhasa kunye nokulungisa ukuhanjiswa ngaphakathi nangaphandle kwesityalo kunye nesitishi

Ibhasi enzima yesixhobo sombane kunye nokufaka ibhasi emhlabeni. Yahlulwe iposti yokwambathisa kunye bushing yokwambathisa ngokwemisebenzi eyahlukeneyo. Isixhobo sombane sokwambathisa umbane: esetyenziselwa ukulungisa indawo yangoku ephethe izixhobo zombane. Ikwahlulahlulwe kwaba yindawo yokwambathisa kunye ne-bushing insulator. Ii-insulators zeposi zisetyenziselwa ukulungisa indawo ekhoyo ngoku yezixhobo zombane ngaphandle kwegobolondo evaliweyo; I-inshurensi ye-Bushing isetyenziselwa ukukhokelela kwinxalenye yangoku ephethe izixhobo zombane ngeqokobhe elivaliweyo (njengekhefu lesekethe, isiguquli, njl. Njl.) Ngaphandle kweqokobhe.

I-insulator yomgca: esetyenziselwa ukudibanisa ukuhambisa okungaphezulu kunye nokuhambisa abaqhubi kunye nebhasi eguquguqukayo yezixhobo zokuhambisa zangaphandle, kunye nokuzikhusela kwindawo esecaleni. Kukho uhlobo lwenaliti, uhlobo lokuxhoma, uhlobo lebhabhathane kunye nengalo yomnqamlezo.

5. Ngokwevolthi yenkonzo, yahlulwe yaphantsi kwamandla ombane (AC 1000 V nangaphantsi, DC 1500 V nangaphantsi) i-insulators kunye ne-high-voltage (AC 1000 V nangaphezulu, DC 1500 V nangaphezulu) i-insulators. Phakathi kwee-insulators ezinamandla aphezulu, kukho umbane ophezulu (AC 330kV kunye ne-500 kV, DC 500 kV) kunye ne-ultra-high voltage (AC 750kV kunye ne-1000 kV, DC 800 kV).

6. Yahlulahlulwe yangaphakathi ngaphakathi ngokwendawo yenkonzo: i-insulator ifakwe ngaphakathi, kwaye akukho sketi seambrela kumphezulu we-insulator. Uhlobo lwangaphandle: i-insulator ifakwe ngaphandle, kwaye zininzi kunye neziketi ezinkulu zeambrela kumphezulu we-insulator ukwandisa umgama wokukhupha ecaleni komphezulu, kunye nokuvimba ukuhamba kwamanzi ngeentsuku zemvula, ukuze isebenze ngokuthembekileyo kwimeko yemozulu engentle.

7. Ngokwemisebenzi eyahlukeneyo, inokwahlulahlulwa ibe sisixhobo sokwambathisa esiqhelekileyo kunye ne-antifouling insulator.

Ukwahlulahlula insulators

1. Umbane ophezulu we-insulator

Ins ii-insulators eziqinileyo zelayini ephezulu yombane: kubandakanya uhlobo lwepini yokufakela i-porcelain insulators, i-porcelain cross arm insulators kunye nohlobo lwebhabhathane insulators. Xa zisetyenziswa, zizinze ngokuthe ngqo kwinqaba ngeenyawo zentsimbi okanye iibholiti.

Ngokwefomathi yolwakhiwo, i-porcelain cross-insulators yengalo ephezulu yamandla ombane inokwahlulwa-hlulwa zibe ziindidi ezine: zonke iintlobo ze-porcelain, uhlobo lweglue olufakelweyo, uhlobo lwengalo enye kunye nemilo ye-V; Ngokwendlela yokufaka, inokwahlulahlulwa ibe luhlobo oluthe nkqo kunye nohlobo oluthe tyaba; Ngokomgangatho, umbane wokunyusa umbane opheleleyo onokumelana ne-voltage unokwahlulahlulwa ube ngamanqanaba amane: i-165kv, i-185kv, i-250kV kunye ne-265kv (ekuqaleni, i-50% yamaza ombane opheleleyo wokutsalwa kombane onokwahlulwa abe ngamanqanaba amathandathu: 185kv, 2l0kv, 280kv, 380kV, 450kv kunye 6l0kv). Ingalo ye-Porcelain cross isetyenziswa kwimigca ephezulu yokuhambisa kunye nokusabalalisa, enokuthi ithathe indawo yeepini kunye ne-insulators zokumisa, kunye nokunciphisa ubude bepali kunye nengalo yokuwela.

I-Butterfly porcelain insulators yemigca enevolthi ephezulu yahlulwe yaba yi-6kV kunye ne-l0kV ngokombane olinganisiweyo. Isetyenziselwa ukufakela kunye nokulungisa iikhondaktha kwizithuthi ezingaphezulu kunye nokusasazwa kwetheminali, uxinzelelo kunye neepali zekona. Kwangelo xesha, ikwasetyenziselwa ngokubanzi ukusebenzisana nomatshini wokunqunyanyiswa komgca ukwenza lula ukwenziwa kwesixhobo sehardware.

I-insulator yokumisa umbane ophezulu: kubandakanywa i-disc yokumiswa kwe-porcelain insulator, i-disc yokumisa i-glass insulator, i-porcelain yokudonsa intonga kunye ne-insulator yomhlaba.

I-high voltage disc disc yokumiswa kwe-porcelain insulators yahlulwe yohlobo oluqhelekileyo kunye nohlobo olunganyangekiyo longcoliseko. Isetyenziselwa i-voltage ephezulu kunye ne-ultra-high voltage transmission lines ukumisa okanye ukuxinzelela abaqhubi kunye nokuzifaka kwiipali nakwiinqaba. Ii-insulators zokumiswa zinamandla oomatshini aphezulu kunye namandla ombane. Zingasetyenziswa kumanqanaba ombane ahlukeneyo ngokwamaqela ahlukeneyo omtya kwaye zihlangabezane neemfuno zamandla ezahlukeneyo. Zezona zisetyenziswa kakhulu. Uhlobo oluqhelekileyo lulungele imimandla yoshishino ngokubanzi. Xa kuthelekiswa ne-insulators eqhelekileyo, ii-insulators ezinganyangekiyo zongcoliseko zinomgama omkhulu wokunyuka kunye nemilo efanelekileyo yokucoca umoya kunye nemvula. Zilungele unxweme, umgubo wentsimbi, ungcoliseko lweekhemikhali kunye nemimandla engcolileyo yezorhwebo. Xa i-insulator enganyangekiyo yongcoliseko isetyenziswa kwezi ndawo zingasentla, inokunciphisa ubungakanani benqaba kwaye inexabiso elikhulu kwezoqoqosho.

Iinjongo zentsingiselo yeglasi yokunqunyanyiswa kweglasi yokufaka iiglass yokwambatha iyafana naleyo yombane ophakamileyo wediski yokumiswa kwe-porcelain insulator. I-insulator yeglasi ineempawu zamandla aphezulu oomatshini, ukumelana nefuthe lomatshini, ukubanda okuhle kunye nokusebenza kobushushu, ubomi obude benkonzo, ukusebenza kombane ngokugqwesileyo kunye nokumelana nombane. Xa yonakele ngexesha lokusebenza, i-disc yayo ye-umbrella iya kwaphuka ngokuzenzekelayo, ekulula ukuyifumana, ukunciphisa kakhulu umthwalo wokufunyanwa kwe-insulation.

Umbane ophakamileyo we-porcelain wokutsala intonga isetyenziselwa kwipali yesiphelo, ipali yoxinzelelo kunye nepali yekona yentloko yamandla ombane kunye necandelo elincinci lecandelo le-l0kV nangaphantsi njenge-insulation kunye nokulungisa i-conductor. Inokuthatha indawo yamanye amabhabhathane e-porcelain kunye ne-disc yokumiswa kwe-porcelain insulators.

Uhlobo lwe-Rod yohlobo lwe-porcelain insulators yenkqubo yoqhakamshelwano yomgaqo kaloliwe onombane.

2. umgca ombane yokwambathisa

Uhlobo lwe-Pin, uhlobo lwebhabhathane kunye ne-spool yohlobo lwe-porcelain insulators kwimigca yamandla asezantsi: iipini zohlobo lwe-porcelain insulators zemigca enevolthi ezisezantsi zisetyenziselwa ukufakwa kunye nokulungiswa kweekhondaktha kwimigca yamandla engaphezulu kwe-1KV. Iibutterfly i-porcelain insulators kunye ne-spool i-porcelain insulators kwimigca yamandla asezantsi asetyenziswa njengabafakeli abagqityiweyo kunye nabazinzileyo kunikezelo lwamandla nakwiitheminali zokuhambisa, uxinzelelo kunye neentonga zekona.

Uxinzelelo lwe-porcelain insulator yomgca ongaphezulu: isetyenziselwa ukulinganisa uxinzelelo lwesibonda kwizitishi ze-AC kunye ne-DC imigca yokuhambisa ngaphezulu kunye neendlela zonxibelelwano, iikona okanye iipali ezinde, ukuze kugqunywe ucingo olusezantsi olusuka phezulu hlala ngocingo.

③ Isambathisi somgca wetram: esetyenziselwa ukugquma kunye nokujija umqhubi wetram okanye njengokugquma kunye nenkxaso yenxalenye eqhubayo kwitram nakwisikhululo samandla.

④ Uhlobo lwe-Pin ye-porcelain yokwambathisa umgca wonxibelelwano: isetyenziselwa ukufakela kunye nokulungisa umqhubi kumgca wonxibelelwano ongaphezulu.

Ii-insulators zokwenza iintambo: kubandakanya iidrum insulators, i-porcelain splints kunye ne-porcelain tubes, ezisetyenziselwa ukubethela umbane ophantsi.

3. Isikhululo samandla esisebenza ngombane ophezulu

Voltage Amandla ombane aphezulu okwambathisa isithuba kwisikhululo samandla: isetyenziswa kwibhasi yezixhobo zombane nakwisixhobo sokuhambisa isikhululo samandla esingaphakathi kunye nesitishi sombane esinevolthi yamandla ye-6 ~ 35kV. Njengenkxaso yokwambathisa inqanaba lokuhambisa elinamandla aphezulu. Ifakwa ngokubanzi kubude obungekho ngaphezulu kwe-1000m kwaye iqondo lobushushu elikuyo yi-40 ~ 40 ℃, kwaye kufuneka isetyenziswe ngaphandle kongcoliseko kunye nokuxinana. Uhlobo lwethafa eliyilelwe ngokukodwa lungasetyenziswa kwiindawo ezinokuphakama kwe-3000m kunye ne-5000m.

I-pin post yangaphandle yokwambathisa: iyasebenza kwinxalenye egqunyiweyo yezixhobo zombane okanye izixhobo zokuhambisa umbane ngombane olinganiswe nge-AC we-3 ~ 220kV, ubushushu be-40 ~ + 40 ℃ ejikeleze indawo yokufaka kunye nokuphakama okungekho ngaphezulu kwe-1000m. Isetyenziswa njenge-insulation kunye ne-conductor engagungqiyo.

Rod Intonga yangaphandle yokwambathisa i-insulator: isetyenziselwa izixhobo zombane eziphezulu kunye nezixhobo zokuhambisa umbane ophezulu ukulungisa kunye nokulungisa abaqhubi. Kuthathe indawo enkulu yokusetyenziswa kweepini zangaphandle ze-insulators.

If Antifouling yangaphandle intonga yeposi yokwambathisa: ilungele ityiwa yokuxinana kwetyuwa ye-0.1mg / cm ² Indawo yongcoliseko ephakathi isetyenziselwa ukufakwa kunye nokulungiswa kwezixhobo zombane eziphezulu kunye nezixhobo zokuhambisa umbane.

Voltage Amandla ombane aphezulu ombane:

⑥ Umbane we-porcelain bushing: kubandakanya i-transformer porcelain bushing, switch switch porcelain bushing, transformer porcelain bushing, njl.

Isiguquli se-porcelain bushing siquka i-bushing ye-porcelain bushing kunye ne-pillar porcelain bushing yombane oguqula amandla kunye novavanyo lwesiguquli. Shintsha i-porcelain bushing ibandakanya i-porcelain bushing ye-breaker breaker ye-oyile, i-porcelain bushing ye-breaker breaker ye-oyile, i-porcelain bushing yomtshini wokulayisha, i-porcelain bushing yokutshabalalisa ubungqina, i-porcelain bushing ye-disconnector, i-porcelain bushing ye-breaker air breaker, njl. isetyenziswa ikakhulu njengokugqobhoza kombane ophezulu ombane weswitshi ukuya emhlabeni kwaye njengesikhongozeli sokuqhekeza isekethe kunye nokugquma kwangaphakathi. I-porcelain bushing yesiguquli isetyenziswa njengesixhobo sokwambathisa isiguquli sangoku kunye nesiguquli sombane.


Ixesha lokuposa: Aug-24-2021